Rabi Crops List And Details
Rabi crops are a type of agricultural crops that are sown at a certain season during the year. They are mainly grown in South Asian countries, especially in the Indian Subcontinent. The term “Rabi” has been derived from Arabic language, in which it means “spring”.
When are these crops grown?
Rabi crops are grown during the winter season. They are also known as the winter crop for this reason. Since they are grown in the winter season and harvested in the spring, they are called “Rabi”.
Farmers usually sow the seeds for Rabi crops right after the monsoon season is over. This can go up to mid November. Then after that, the crops are harvested in around April or May of the next year. Farmers usually say that if it rains heavily during the winter season, the Rabi crops get destroyed.
The seeds for the Rabi crops are sown right after the north east monsoon comes to India in the October month. The farmers in India are dependent on this monsoon for growing the crops.
What are the major Rabi crops?
The major Rabi crops that is harvested is the wheat (in India).The other major types of Rabi crops include sesame, mustard, barley and peas.
There are different types of Rabi crops and they can be broadly classified into three categories: vegetables, cereals, seed plants. Among the cereals we have maize, oat, wheat and barley, while in the vegetables we have tomato, onion, potato and chickpea. Fenugreek, isabgol, cumin, coriander and mustard are examples of seed plants.
Is it dependent on climate?
Rabi crops are heavily dependent upon the climatic conditions. For one thing, the monsoon affects the growth of the Rabi crops a lot. Winter showers are bad for these crops.
These crops are best sown when the climate during winter is moderately cold. Biting cold weather is not good for the Rabi crops. Since they are grown during the winter season, it is imperative to the growth of the crops that the temperature is not raised too high. Otherwise the crops suffer damage.
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