Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
It is a scheme launched by the Govt. of India to promote the culture of organic farming in the country. Paramparagat stands for traditional and the meaning of PKVY is to use traditional techniques and eco friendly methods of farming. This scheme will help in promoting organic cultivation as well as to reduce the use of harmful chemicals in agriculture in the form of insecticides and pesticides. The chemical fertilizers and pesticides used in the farms now a days for better yields are harmful not only for those who consume them, but also for the health of farmers who use them in cultivation.
Cluster approach of Organic Farming in Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
As per the new PKVY scheme, the mode of implementation of the scheme in various parts of the country will be done in a separate approach, unlike before. A cluster approach of scheme implementation will be taken up by the farmers. Under this approach, the farmers will farm by the help of traditional organic ways in small clusters or groups. A fixed amount of land will be assigned to a group of farmers and they will be given funds under the PKVY scheme to perform organic cultivation for a limited period of three years. The farmers will also be responsible to bring their yields to the market. The Govt. has decided to provide organic certification to the yields of the cluster projects of the PKVY scheme.
Below are some important data regarding the project implementation of the Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana:
|Sl. No.||Scheme details||Important data|
|1||Name of scheme||Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana|
|2||Total annual Budget allocation||Rs. 300 crore in 2015 – 2016 budget|
|3||Promotion of farming||Organic farming|
|4||Implementation technique||Cluster approach|
|5||No. of farmers in a cluster||50 or more|
|6||Area of land covered in one cluster||50 acre|
|7||Per acre fund allocation to each farmer||Rs. 20,000|
|8||Time period of scheme per farmer||3 years|
|9||Total no. of clusters to be targeted in 3 years||10 thousand|
|10||Total farming area to be covered in 3 years of PKVY||5 Lakh hectares|
Previous schemes of same type
Before the Modi led NDA Govt. started the scheme of PKVY, there were some similar schemes of promoting organic farming in the country launched by the UPA govt. Schemes like NPOP and NPOF were launched by the earlier Govt. but were not successful because of several factors. Some factors were ill procedure of implementation or lack of transparency in fund allocation and fund management. So all those schemes were dissolved and a new and improvised scheme named the PKVY is launched. It has a cluster approach of implementation where a group of 50 or more cultivators will work together in a specified piece of land, for a period of three years.
Technologies of organic farming to be used in Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
Several organic techniques will be implemented in the PKVY farming scheme. These methods of farming will not include the use of harmful pesticides or fertilizers at all. Cropping techniques like promoting an organic nursery to develop organic seeds will be implemented. Apart from this, development and production of bio – fertilizers, bio – pesticides and other organic manures will be done. These will add to the production yield as they are rich in manures and they are also good for health. Organic manure management will be performed in the clusters of the PKVY.
Marketing of the organic yields from Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
Under the scheme, the farmers will also be assisted how to market the organic products from their cluster farms. Branding and labeling of the organic products will be done which will prove the authenticity of the organic materials. Proper certification of the organic products will be done. Transportation assistance to the farmers will be given under this scheme.
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