The basic concept of organic farming is to maximize the use of bio-fertilizers and techniques to do farming which are not harmful to the environment. The chemical fertilizers and pesticides which are used in modern farming are very harmful to the environment and also to the health of the consumers of those agricultural products. Taking those measures which will not harm the ecosystem is the main motto of organic farming. Regular use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers in the crop for their fast production and compromising on the nutritional quality of the crop as well as the soil health takes a toll on not only the health of the consumers but also is affecting the nature and ecosystem. The reuse and recycle of natural goods and resources is the main agenda of organic farming.
Benefits of organic farming
There are several benefits of organic farming. In normal farming including the use of chemicals and genetics, the nature and ecosystem affects the most. But organic farming results in maintaining the ecosystem intact and health and do not disturb the ecology. The quality of soil after organic farming does not degrade with two or three cropping seasons. They can be continuously used further as all the soil quality is maintained and not lost due to use of organic manures and bio degradable manures for farming. Another benefit of organic farming is that it minimizes the use of foreign substances on the farm or soil, thus the coexistence between humans and nature remains undisturbed. Organic farming mainly aims to use the renewable sources or energy and to recycle the used products and resources.
Disadvantages of Organic farming
Although the concept of organic farming is very healthy to environment and humans, there are also some disadvantages of organic farming. The main advantage of performing agriculture through organic farming is that this process of agriculture is not feasible. The workers who are engaged for organic farming have to spend more time in the fields and farms. They have a tough time during pest attacks as they are very hard to be controlled with organic techniques. Organic methods of farming are good for environment but they are very slow and take a toll on the overall yield of the farm. Another disadvantage of organic farming is that due to the time taken and the costs of production of products in organic farming, the prices of organic products are always sky high in the market and are beyond reach of common people. Due to their high production costs, long time taken for harvesting and low yields, the organic farming has not been very successful in replacing the modern ways of farming.
As the main concept of organic farming is to utilize and reuse only natural and nature made recourses and techniques for farming. So anything that goes against the nature is strictly prohibited in organic farming. In normal farming, if a land has no soil health to grow rice that season, then over use of manures and fertilizers are done and genetically modified rice seeds are sown to get the desired yield. This degrades the quality of the land even further. So in organic farming, the main motto is to go for the crop which is suitable for that climate or season. The study of suitable climates for each crop is to be done for getting high productivity in organic farming. Suppose there are two suitable climates for wheat, one is spring and another is winter. So the organic farmers must start readying the soil before the climate begins.
Some important data regarding organic farming in India:
|Sl. No.||Attributes||Related data|
|1||Governing body||Ministry of Agriculture|
|2||Regulatory & certifying body||National Program on Organic Production|
|3||Year of introduction of NPOP||2001|
|4||Cultivation area of organic farming||7.5 lakh hectare|
|5||State with largest organic area||Madhya Pradesh|
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