Crop Rotation (Principles,Types, Benefits,Disadvantages )
Crop rotation is process in which famer decides which Crop he should plant in his garden for the one year to next year to get more revenue from his garden.The farmer uses the Crop rotation process to increase the soil fertility and it also to help the farmer to avoid or reduce problems ofsoil borne diseases and some soildwelling insects, such as corn rootworms.
Crop rotation process is must for large scale business farmer as well for s small home to help refillsoil and profit your crop. Here is some important info about the Crop rotation that can help you devise aexclusive crop rotation plan depending on your requirements.
|Crop Rotation Benefits||Reduces Soil Erosion and Increase Soil Fertility|
|Usage of Crop Rotation||In both Conventional & Organic Farming System|
|Who Practiced Crop Rotation Initially||Middle Eastern farmers by around 6000 BC|
|Challenges in Crop Rotation||Proper Planning, Fixed Crop Choice, and may lead to imbalance soil nutrients|
|Impact of Faulty Crop Rotation||May requires long time to correct soil balance|
Why plans needs Crop rotation process
- Disease avoidance:The main concern to use Crop rotation process to keep the plant from disease. Disease organisms can construct up over time, resulting in ultimate crop failure. Rotating crops keeps these organisms in ensure.
- Make available all kind of Nutrient to plants: This process help to make balance between theNutrients required for different plants. As Nutrient requirement for different plant is different. If famer use the crop rotation process they can fulfill the requirement of Nutrient for plants
- Help to control insect Control:Insect is controlled by this process.
- Nutrient improvement: Some plants reallyimprove the soil, so rotating them through the garden can create free organic soil habituation.
Crop rotation Principles
Divide the field in different section and decide 1 plant family for each section. Each year rotate these different plant families in different sections but make sure that every section receives each plant family after 2 or 3 cycles so that its Nutrient that soil loss during one year will retain in the next section. Most crop rotation systems have minimum 4 sections, with 4 rotating plant groups.
Different ways of Crop rotation process
- Divide the garden into sections and put different crop in different section.
- Put one crop in complete farm and change the plant family next year, by using this it will be easy for farmer to maintain the field and also it is less costly compare to first one method.
- Plant vegetable one year and next year famer can plants fruit in his field. Using this way also he get more revenue from his soil
Crop rotation benefits
- Crop rotation maintains the level of various nutrients to the soil.
- Crop rotation also mitigates the buildup of pathogens and pests that frequently happen when one species is endlessly cropped, and can also get better soil structure and richness by alternating deep rooted and shallow rooted plants.
- Keep the plants away from insects
- It is proved that using the crop rotation process 10 to 15 % growth will happen in garden.
- Rotations also help with a decrease in nematodes, dig over and diseases.
Crop rotation disadvantages
- It is difficult for small farmer to manage the crop rotation process as they have very small area and it become hard to divide the field into different area.
- These crops tend to obstruct the sunlight from smaller plants and are typically grown on the northern side of gardens while smaller crops occupy the southern side.
- In home garden, it is not strange for selected areas of the garden to have low soil. This happen when ledges or rocky deposits rest under the garden area. This limits the gardener’s ability to rotate these annual crops as recommended.