Now days, many people are very interested in learning agricultural education to make their career in the field of agriculture. But many people don’t have fair awareness about the agricultural studies and courses. There are actually over 73 agricultural universities and colleges available in India. From among them, two are central agricultural universities, 5 deemed to be universities, and 4 central universities with the faculty. In such universities, there are several numbers of qualified and experienced staffs to teach all the students about food, agriculture, and all natural resources.
Learning agricultural education:
When the students who are all interested in agriculture can join any of these agricultural universities all over the country and start learning how to successfully do agriculture. There are various subjects related to the agriculture in the different courses. The agricultural educators are teaching different food production methods along with other necessary skills such as,
All of these things are necessary for the agricultural graduates to do everything better. The agricultural universities and colleges are delivering the various courses and skills to the students with the help of different interconnected components such as,
- Classroom teaching
- Laboratory instruction
- Leadership education – It has been delivered to the several student organizations to improve the leadership quality and confidence of the students.
- Experiential learning – The agricultural instructor will teach several things to learn at the outside of the classroom.
|Year||Number of students appeared for agricultural exams||No. of students passed from
Importance of agricultural education:
If the students are choosing the agricultural course for your graduation, you will learn several things about natural resources, agriculture, land management, and all with the guidance of the specialized and highly experienced staffs. With the graduation in the agriculture, you will get the advanced agricultural jobs all over the India. The skills educated in the agricultural universities and colleges will be,
- Land management
- Small animal care
- Turf grass management
- Shop and machine classes
- Agricultural science
- Live stock management
- Nutrition and health
- Biology courses and etc.
Every year, there are more than 20,000 students in India have been getting the under graduation or post graduation from the various agricultural universities. They are also getting easy job opportunities in the agricultural departments of the state government or central government. Many of them are also doing Ph.D in the agricultural education to be at the higher level in the agricultural department.
|Schemes Announced by Central Government of India||Usages of those Central Sector Schemes||Important Details About the Scheme|
|Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centre (ACABC)||In order to support agri-development across the nation, and to create self-employment opportunities among the Indian youths who are qualified in respected field.||· Launched on April, 2002.
· Its promotes Agri-Preneurs
|National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE)||To provide sufficient training for unemployed youths who graduated in agricultural field.||· Its the agency of training component.
· Implemented by NABARD
ICAR stands for Indian Council of Agricultural Research which conducts all India entrance exams every year for the students who are all interested in the agricultural education. This exam is useful to fill from 15 % to 25 % of seats for the UG and PG degree programmes of agricultural courses. This council follows only the ranking of students to give seats in the agricultural universities. It also provides many fellowships and scholarships to the students to encourage them in learning agricultural science with more job opportunities.
Agricultural science courses:
Agricultural education is basically taught by the educators at the different levels such as elementary level, mid-school level, secondary school level, post secondary school level, and adults level.
Elementary level – For this initial level of agricultural education, the students have to go to the private or public agricultural schools to learn different subjects like how animals and plants grow, how soil is framed/conserved, and many things.
School level – The middle and secondary school level agricultural education is training individuals for getting the jobs in marketing, production, conservation, and many more.
College level – The college level agricultural education actually train all students to conduct research, teach, or providing details to the advanced methods of food science and agriculture in the best ways.
The UG degree in the agricultural science will qualify a person to teach the classes to the in the high school level. When the students are getting post graduate or master degree in the agricultural science, you will be qualified to teach in the college level and also in the agricultural universities once you have got years of experience.
Role of ICAR:
ICAR or Indian Council of Agricultural Research has implemented a new plan scheme known as Strengthening & Development of the higher agricultural education in India with the official outlay of 2900 Crore Rupees during the 12th plan. This specific scheme of the ICAR will be very helpful for the improvements of the agriculture and agricultural education throughout the nation.
It strives to plan, aid, undertake, coordinate, and also promote the agricultural education in India with the proposed goal to improve the quality and also significance of the higher education in the agricultural science. It also helps to deal with the rapidly rising challenges in the Indian agricultural sector. This Indian council has a main target of attracting more numbers of youngsters to be interested in the agricultural education. For this purpose, it provides payment and professional assistance under the different agricultural programmes both at the UG and PG levels.
For the Under Graduation, there are
- Rural Awareness Work Experience (RAWE)
- National Talent Scholarships (NTS)
For the Post Graduation, there are
- Senior Research Fellowships (SRF)
- Junior Research Fellowships (JRF)
This Indian Council of Agricultural Research actually has revised the UG syllabus and gives the various sub-sectors including,
- Dairy technology
- Agril engineering
- Home science
- Food technology and etc.
It is the new syllabus in the under graduate degree of the agricultural education also with the 1 year entrepreneurship programme to make the student ready to get employment level.
The Indian government has been launching several new courses and special programs to create awareness and interests in many younger students to learn agricultural education along with the various central government posts. There is a new scheme called a central sector scheme for the agri-clinics & agri-business centre to educate younger students about agriculture with the help of the farmers. Recently, the new agri-ventures have been launched under this scheme for the improvement of the agricultural education in India.